US job growth beats expectations; unemployment rate fall 3.5pc

US job growth beats expectations; unemployment rate fall 3.5pc

In this file photo taken on June 03, 2022, people walk past a “now hiring” sign posted outside of a restaurant in Arlington, Virginia. — AFP pic

Friday, 05 Aug 2022 9:40 PM MYT

WASHINGTON, Aug 5 — US employers hired far more workers than expected in July, with the unemployment rate falling to a pre-pandemic low of 3.5 per cent, providing the strongest evidence yet that the economy was not in recession.

Nonfarm payrolls increased by 528,000 jobs last month, the Labour Department said in its closely watched employment report today. Data for June was revised higher to show 398,000 jobs created instead of the previously reported 372,000.

That marked the 19th straight month of payrolls expansion. The unemployment rate was at 3.6 per cent in June.

Economists polled by Reuters had forecast payrolls rising by 250,000 jobs and the unemployment rate steady at 3.6 per cent. Estimates ranged from as low as 75,000 to as high 325,000 jobs.

The employment report painted a picture of a fairly healthy economy muddling despite back-to-back quarters of contraction in gross domestic product. Demand for labour has eased in the interest rate sensitive sectors like housing and retail, but airlines and restaurants cannot find enough workers.

Strong job growth could keep pressure on the Federal Reserve to deliver a third 75 basis point interest rate increase at its next meeting in September, though much would depend on inflation readings. The US central bank last week raised its policy rate by three-quarters of a percentage point. It has hiked that rate by 225 basis points since March.

The economy contracted 1.3 per cent in the first half, largely because of big swings in inventories and the trade deficit tied to snarled global supply chains. Still, momentum is slowing.

The National Bureau of Economic Research, the official arbiter of recessions in the United States, defines a recession as “a significant decline in economic activity spread across the economy, lasting more than a few months, normally visible in production, employment, real income, and other indicators.”

With 10.7 million job openings at the end of June and 1.8 openings for every unemployed person, the labor market remains tight and economists do not expect a sharp deceleration in payrolls growth this year.

Average hourly earnings increased 0.5 per cent last month after rising 0.4 per cent in June. That left the year-on-year increase in wages at 5.2 per cent. Though wage growth appears to have peaked, pressures remain. Data last week showed annual wage growth in the second quarter was the fastest since 2001. — Reuters